Session 4

session title

The Challenge of Inequality

delivered by

  • Chair: Ms Eleanor Mohammed, President, Commonwealth Association of Planners.
  • Framing presentation: delivered by Ms Glinis Buffalo, Director Land Use & Environmental Planning, Treaty 8 First Nations Canada
  • Panellists:
    • Mr Vincent Goodstadt, Representative UK 2070 Commission, UK
    • Donna Flavell, Chief Executive of Te Whakakitenga o Waikato Inc, the iwi organisation for Waikato-Tainui, New Zealand.  
  • External voice: Ms Kerstin Sommer, UN Habitat, Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme Manager.


The aim of the session will be to explore deep-rooted spatial inequalities that exsit in many cities and city regions, together with recommendations to address them in order to achieve inclusive outcomes.

Following a short framing presentation by Ms Glinis Buffalo, Director Land Use & Environmental Planning, Treaty 8 First Nations Canada, who spoke about her experience with urban planning and Canada’s Indigenous Peoples, Eleanor and Glinis were joined by a panel of discussants and the session concluded with time for question and answers from the audience.

This session was first broadcast on 13 May 2021 and was watched by over 97 participants from over 30 countries. The live recording of this session is available to watch at the top of this webpage.

key messages

  • Ms Glinis Buffalo: Governments need to work with indigenous communities, particularly in relation to the implementation of the Treaties in Canada.
  • Ms Donna Flavell: We need to give Indigenous communities the space, investment and power to lead the change themselves, rather than a top-down approach.
  • Ms Kerstin Sommer: We need strong leadership at all levels, we need experts to focus on local solutions and we need to assist the leadership of communities. We need to be open to diversity and constant learning.
  • Mr Vincent Goodstadt: Governments need to take responsibility and deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals.

links to further information

Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme
European Charter on Participatory Democracy in Spatial Planning Processes

additional resources

Glinis Buffalo’s presentation is available here.